英语四六级剖析词汇D1_亚博App安全有保障

泡沫雕刻机 | 2021-02-16
本文摘要:dairy [ˈdɛəri] n. ①制酪业;牛奶场②奶制品厂③奶品店We bought milk at the dairy.我们在奶品店买牛奶。

dairy [ˈdɛəri] n. ①制酪业;牛奶场②奶制品厂③奶品店We bought milk at the dairy.我们在奶品店买牛奶。dam [dæm] n. 水坝Few creations of big technology capture the imagination like giant dams.没有什么重大的技术发现能像大型水坝这样抓得住人们的想象力。damn [dæm] v. 谴责damp [dæmp] n. 湿气a. 湿润的vt. 使湿润;使衰减;使沮丧;控制,抑制【词义辨析】dark和darknessdark通常指经常的情况,darkness通常指一时的情况。database [ˈdeitbeis] n. ①数据库(databank)②通知陈诉(facts, data, input, gen)dawn [dɔːn] vi. 破晓n. 黎明,曙光It______on Fred that he would fail the course if he did not study harder.A. dawnedB. hitC. struckD. occurred【谜底】A. dawn on/upon sb(以事物作主语,以人作宾语)明确过来,想到(如It has slowly dawned upon us that he will not help. It suddenly dawned upon me why he was so interested in my story.)。

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hit on/upon sth(以人作主语,以idea/plan等作宾语)突然想到。strike vt. (以idea/thought等作主语,以人作宾语)使突然想到(也可用被动态be struck with the idea)。

occur to(以idea等作主语,以人作宾语)使突然想到。The day is ours.我们告捷了。daylight [ˈdeilait] n. 日光;白昼;公然daytime [ˈdeitaim] n. 白昼;白昼dazzle [ˈdæz(ə)l]v. 眼花,晃眼dead [ded] a. ①死的【词义辨析】dead和deceaseddead:指以往生存而现在已死的人或其他生命。

deceased:只适用于死人,而不指其他已死的生物,用于正式文体。【试题精练】It's so cold outside that my fingers feel______.A. deadB. indifferentC. unawareD. unconscious【谜底】A. dead a. 死的;无感受的。indifferent (to) a. 冷漠的,不体贴的,不努力。unaware (of) a. 没有察觉的。

unconscious (of) a. 失去知觉的,没有知觉的(一般以人作主语,不以人体的一部门作主语)。deadlock [ˈdedlɔk] n. 僵局deadly [ˈdedli] a. ①致命的,致死的deaf [def] a. 耳聋的;装聋的①as deaf as an adder [a post, a door, a door-post] 全聋②be deaf of [in] an [one] ear 聋了一只耳朵③None so deaf as those that won't hear.[谚]不愿倾听别人意见的人是最聋的人。【试题精练】He is______to all requests for help.A. dumbB. blindC. deafD. uninterested【谜底】C. deaf (to) a. (本义)耳聋的;(引申)不愿听别人意见的,装聋的(如deaf in one ear. He was deaf to all advice. Appeals to higher authorities fell on deaf ears. The teacher turned a deaf ear to Bob's excuse.)。dumb a. 哑的;无言的,不说话的。

blind (to) a. 瞎的,失明的;盲目的;视而不见的,装着看不见的(to)(如blind in one eye. He is blind to his own faults. to turn a blind eye to sth装着没瞥见)。uninterested (in) a. 毫无兴趣的。dealer [ˈdiːlə(r)] n. 经销商,商人dean [ˈdiːn] n.(大学)院长,主持牧师,(基督教)教长death [deθ] n. 死亡,逝世;消亡debate [diˈbeit] n./v. ①辩说,讨论②思量;思考He was debating whether to go for a walk or to visit a friend.他在思量去散步或者去探友。【习习用语】①beyond debate无疑义,无可争辩②debate upon [on] (a question)讨论(问题)③open the debate在辩说时首先讲话【长难例句1】France's resumption of nuclear testing in the South Pacific last month triggered political debates and mass demonstrations.上月法国在南太平洋重新举行核试验引发了政界的争论和群众游行示威。

【长难例句2】On another level, many in the medical community acknowledge that the assisted-suicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients for whom modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying.在另一个层面上,许多医疗界的人认可,关于医生资助下的自杀的讨论部门是因为病人的绝望情绪,对他们来说,现代医学已经延长了死亡的身体痛苦。【试题精练】Congress was then in session, and a fierce______was going on over ratification of the treaty.A. debateB. discussionC. quarrelD. contention【谜底】A. debate n./v. (一般指在正式集会上就重大问题所举行的,严肃认真的,经常是猛烈的)辩说,争论,讨论(如The members of Parliament hold debates. As had been expected, the Senate debate over ratification of the treaties was heated.)。

discussion (of/about/on) n. (常指就某一重要问题同其他人举行的严肃认真的,但情绪缓和的)谈论,讨论。quarrel n. 争吵,争论。contention n. 争夺,斗争,争吵。

decay [diˈkei]v./n. ①腐烂deceit [diˈsiːt] n. ①欺骗(cheat)②假话deceive [diˈsiːv] v. 欺骗,蒙骗①be deceived in sb看错了某人,对某人感应失望②deceive oneself骗自己;误解,想错③deceive sb into doing sth骗某人做某事decent [ˈdiːsənt] a. 体面的,得体的The workers went on strike for ______working conditions.A. idealB. cleanC. comfortableD. decent【谜底】D. decent a. 像样的,过得去的,尚可的;合宜的,得体的,正派的(如We pay a very decent price. She never had decent clothes to wear. I get decent marks at school. I only associate with good decent fellows.)。ideal a. 理想的,完满的。clean a. 洁净的,清洁的。comfortable a. 舒适的,舒服的。

【词义辨析】decide, determine, resolve和make up one's minddecide:意为“决议”,强调经由思量或协商以后的选择。determine:意为“决议,下刻意”,表示经由严格的思量,刻意做某事,有决议后加以坚持的寄义。resolve:意为“决议,下刻意”,表示贯彻决议的坚定意志,语气比determine强。Make up one's mind是与迟疑、动摇等相对而言的。

decimal [ˈdesim(ə)l] a. 十进制的 n. 小数decision [diˈsiʒ(ə)n] n. ①决议,刻意;坚决②选择;决议;决议Have they reached a decision yet?他们是否已有所决议?【习习用语】①come to [arrive at, reach] a decision作出决议②give a decision for [against] 讯断对……有利[倒霉]③leave…to the decision of由……来决议(某事)【长难例句】The Supreme Court's decisions on physician-assisted suicide carry important implications for how medicine seeks to relieve dying patients of pain and suffering.对医疗界如何寻找排除濒临死亡的病人的痛苦的方法这一问题,最高法院对医生资助下的自杀行为所做的决议会发生重要的影响。decisive [diˈsaisiv] a. ①坚决的,断然的②决议性的deck [dek] n. ①甲板①clear the decks(for action)(战舰)准备战斗;准备行动②cut the deck(牌戏)签牌,倒牌③hit the deck[俚]起床,起身;被击倒,摔倒;准备行动declaration [ˌdekləˈreiʃ(ə)n] n. ①宣言,通告②声明,申报They issued a______to the effect that the covenant(违反契约的诉讼)would not have any place in the treaty.A. declarationB. certificateC. proposalD. pronunciation【谜底】A. declaration n. 宣布,宣告;宣言,声明(书)(如The Declaration of Independence was made in America in 1776. Then they drew up their declaration concerning the war.)。certificate n. 证明书。proposal n. 提议,建议;求婚。

pronunciation n. 发音,发音方法。Have you anything to declare?你有要申报纳税的物品吗?decline [diˈklain] v. 谢绝;下降n. ①淘汰,衰落②列出(名词、代词或形容词的)词尾变化【习习用语】①fall [sink] into a decline开始衰落,衰弱下去;体力衰退(尤指因患肺病而衰弱)②on the decline走下坡路,在衰退中③the decline of life晚年,暮年【长难例句】It's easy to blame the decline of conversation on the pace of modern life and on the vague changes taking place in our everchanging world.人们很容易把攀谈的淘汰归罪于现代生活的节奏和日常变化的世界中发生的细微变化。【词义辨析】decline, deny, refuse和rejectdecline:指委婉地谢绝他人的邀请、资助或服务等。

deny:指坚决地拒绝认可某物的真实性,拒绝给予某种权利以及拒绝允许某要求。refuse:指坚决、坚决或坦率地拒绝,强调拒绝的刻意不会发生动摇或怀疑。

reject:指以否认敌对态度劈面拒绝赐予请求提议或不适当、不满足或憎恶之物,有时也指拒绝听人某种看法或意见。【试题精练】He was afraid he would have to ______her invitation to the party.A. refuteB. refuseC. rejectD. decline【谜底】D. decline vt. 婉辞,谢绝(邀请);不愿(做某事)(后面跟不定式);vi. 下降,淘汰,衰落。

refute vt. 批判,驳倒,批驳(宾语可以是人或某人的论点)。refuse vt. 拒绝(给予或接受)(句型:refuse sth/to+动词原形)。reject vt. 拒绝,驳回;拒纳,退回(后面只能跟名词或代词作宾语,不跟其他句型)。

decode [diːˈkəud] vt. 解码,译解decorate [ˈdekəreit] vt. ①装饰,装潢②油漆;粉刷③授以勋章【习习用语】decorate with以……装饰decrease [diˈkriːsl v./n. 淘汰,减小①on the decrease在淘汰中,在下降中②decrease to淘汰到③decrease in (size)by…(尺寸)淘汰……dedicate [ˈdedikeit] vt. 奉献【词义辨析】dedicate和devote这两个词都有“奉献,献身”之意。dedicate:意为“奉献”,指庄严凝重的、完全的奉献,往往与高贵神圣的事业有关,含有坚定的刻意和信心。

devote:意为“把……奉献给,献身,把……留给”,指出于某种念头、热情、情感、理想或小我私家兴趣而为某个目的、事业或团体奉献。deduce [diˈdjuːs] a. 演绎,推断deduct [diˈdʌkt] vt. 扣除,演绎deed [diːd] n. 行为,事实,功劳,实行,契约vt. 立契转让(旧产等)deem [diːm]v. 认为,相信【词义辨析】deep和deeplydeep:表现距离、时间等详细深度,一般修饰动态动词和介词短语。

deeply:和表现小我私家情感(往往带有消极意味)的动词、已往分词(具有形容词性质)或形容词连用。deer [diə(r)] n. 鹿defeat [diˈfiːt] vt./n. 打败,战胜;挫败①inflict a defeat on (upon) 挫败;使……遭受失败②suffer [sustain] a defeat战败;遭受挫败defect [diˈfekt] n. 缺点,缺陷,毛病The television was returned because of a______.A. defectB. deficiencyC. mistakeD. deficit【谜底】A. defect n. (可指小我私家性格、机械、计划等中的)缺点,缺陷,毛病(如His feeble will is his fatal defect. The machine is unsafe because of the defects in it. A defect in judgment led to the accident.)。

deficiency n. (多指抽象事物的)缺点,缺陷;缺乏,不足(某种工具)(the deficiencies in the plan; her mental deficiencies; a deficiency of vitamin C)。mistake n. 错误,过失。

deficit n. 赤字,逆差。defence/defense [diˈfens] n. 防御,守卫;(pl.)防御工事;辩护①in defence of守卫;捍卫;为……辩护②The best defence is offence.[谚]进攻是最好的防御。

defend [diˈfend] vt. ①防守,防卫;辩护②为……当辩护状师③守卫;防御He's better at defending than attacking.他的防守优于进攻。【习习用语】①defend against守卫;反抗②defend from掩护,守卫(使不受伤害)The flap over rap is not making life any easier for him. Levin has consistently defended the company's rap music on the grounds of expression.人们对说唱音乐的焦虑并没使他的日子变得好过。莱文一向以它是一种“富于体现力的演唱方式”这个理由来为公司的说唱音乐辩护。

【词义辨析】defend, guard和protectdefend:指努力地反抗、防御或挫败敌人的攻击和威胁,也可指为叙述或看法举行辩护,常与介词against连用。guard:意为“守卫,警卫,看守”,常指为了保证宁静而站立守卫,通常有警惕的寄义。

protect:意为“掩护,守卫”,指以某种方式,如用遮盖来防护现实存在的或可能发生的危险、伤害或损毁,它多指永远、恒久的行为,亦可指用一定的设备防御风雨、烈日、疾病等。常与介词against与from连用。defend和guard指的避开危害的乐成率不如protect那么高,一小我私家可能徒劳地guard或defend某人或某物,但他protect的人或物将会很宁静。

【试题精练】The monstrous system was by statesmen in the name of individual liberty.A. guardedB. shelteredC. defendedD. protected【谜底】C. defend vt. 为……辩护;守卫,防守(如He employed a lawyer to defend him in court. defend sb from harm/against a surprise attack; She defended her children from the mad dog.)。guard vt. 守卫,守卫;防止,防范(against)。

shelter(from) vt. 掩蔽,呵护。protect (from) vt. 掩护,守卫。

defendant [diˈfend(ə)nt] n./a. 被告人(的)defer [diˈfəː (r)] vt. 推迟,拖延vi. 遵从,听从,听从deficiency [diˈfiʃənsi] n. ①缺乏,不足②缺点,缺陷deficit [ˈdefisit] n. 赤字,不足额define [diˈfain] vt. ①解释(界说),下界说;划定②论述;阐释;详细说明define the position of the government论述政府的态度Some words are hard to______because they have many different uses.A. sayB. expressC. defineD. determine【谜底】C. define vt. 给……下界说,解释;限定,划定(如A dictionary defines words. The constitution defines the powers of the president.)。express vt. 表现,表达。determine vt. 决议,确定。definite [ˈdefinit] a. 明确的,确定的I'm not sure whether I can gain any profit from the investment, so I can't make a(n) ______promise to help you.A. definiteB. exactC. sureD. prompt【谜底】A. definite a. 明确的,确切的;肯定的。

exact a. 准确的,确切的。sure a. 确信的,有掌握的;一定的,肯定的;可靠的,稳妥的。prompt a. 实时的,迅速的;敏捷的。

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definition [ˌdefiˈniʃ(ə)n] n. ①界说,释义②清晰;轮廓清楚Good photographs have definition.好的照片都很清晰。【长难例句】While there are almost as many definitions of history as there are historians, modern practice most closely conforms to one that sees history as the attempt to recreate and explain the significant events of the past.险些每个历史学家对史学都有自己的界定,但现代史学家的实践最趋向于认为历史是试图重现已往的重大史实并对其做出解释。defy [diˈfai] vt. ①果然反抗,蔑视②向……挑战;激,惹degenerate [diˈdʒenerət] vi. 衰退,堕落,蜕化a. 衰退的,堕落的n. 堕落者delay [diˈlei] v./n. 推迟,延误,延误It is important that you reply to our letter without______.A. pauseB. stoppageC. restD. delay【谜底】D. delay n. 延误,延误;推迟(without delay绝不迟延地,立刻)。

pause n. 暂停,中止。stoppage n. 停顿;堵塞。rest n. 休息,睡眠;撑架。delegate [ˈdeliɡit] n. 代表I have______Mr. Roberts to serve in my place during my absence.A. offeredB. demandedC. delegatedD. entrusted【谜底】C. delegate vt. 授权,把……委托给;委派(或选举)……为代表(如The club delegated Bill to attend the national convention.)。

offer vt. (主动)给予,提供,提出(句型:offer to+动词原形;offer sth; have sth to offer; offer sb sth)。demand vt. 要求,强令;需要;询问(句型:demand sth;demand to+动词原形;demand that sb do sth)。entrust vt. 把……托付给(句型:entrust sth to sb;entrust sb with sth)。

delete [diˈliːt] vt. 删除deliberate [diˈlibereit] a. ①居心的②深思熟虑的We were______whether to buy a new motor-car.A. contemplatingB. deliberatingC. thinkingD. weighing【谜底】B. deliberate v. 仔细思量,思考(如We were deliberating what to do next. They are still deliberating over/upon the question.)。contemplate vt. 盘算,计议;思量,对……作周密思量(句型:contemplate sth/+动词ing形式;不能说contemplate what/how/whether to do sth)。

think v. 思考(句型:think to+动词原形;think of/about;think sth over)。weigh vt. 认真思量,权衡(句型:weigh sth;weigh A and/with B;不能说weigh how/what/whether to+动词原形)。

delegation [ˌdeliˈɡeiʃ(ə)n] n. ①代表团②派代表;作……代表delicate [ˈdelikit] a. ①娇嫩的;精致的;微妙的②易损的;易破碎的;纤细的a delicate glass容易破碎的玻璃杯③易病的;娇弱的;体质差的a delicate looking child看起来瘦弱的小孩The wine glasses were so______that I was afraid to carry them home by bus.A. delicateB. flexibleC. shakyD. tender【谜底】A. delicate a. 易碎的,纤弱的;纤细的,清秀的,娇嫩的(delicate silk;the delicate skin of a baby;delicate glass)。flexible a. 易弯曲的,柔韧的;灵活的。shaky a. 不稳的,颤抖的;靠不住的,动摇的。

tender a. 温柔的;嫩的;一触即痛的。delicious [diˈliʃəs] a. 鲜味的,芬芳的For dinner that evening we had some ______turtle meat.A. deliciousB. tastefulC. presentableD. elaborate【谜底】A. delicious a. 鲜味适口的,好闻的(delicious food/smell)。tasteful a.(修饰家具、工艺品等)格调雅致的,显示出鉴赏力高的。presentable a. (指人)容貌不错的,适合在公开场合露面的;(指作品)相当不错的,可以拿得出来的。

elaborate a. 庞大的;经心制作的,详尽的。She delights in cooking lovely meals.她以烹饪美食为乐。

【词义辨析】delight, enjoyment和pleasure.delight:指被某事诱发的满足或满足感,体现也重生动生动,但连续时间不长。enjoyment:指某人对某种事物感应喜爱、兴奋时的心理状态或情感反映。pleasure:以种种形式体现出来的或未体现出来的满足或喜悦的情绪或感受,也指因愉快引起的兴奋激动。

【试题精练】The old man took a great______in collecting stamps.A. happinessB. prideC. delightD. hobby【谜底】C. delight n. 快乐,兴奋(take [a] delight in以……为乐;喜欢〈干某事〉,从……中获得兴趣,如The naughty boy takes [a] great delight in pulling the dog's tail.)。happiness n. 快乐,愉快,兴奋(没有take a happiness in sth的说法)。pride n. 自豪;引以自豪的工具;自满,狂妄(take [a] pride in以……感应自满)。hobby n. 业余喜好(不能说take a hobby in)。

delighted [diˈlaitid] a. 兴奋的,快乐的delightful [diˈlaitful] a. 令人兴奋的,使人快乐的deliver [diˈlivə(r)] vt. ①投递,送交;揭晓;临盆In most of the United States, the morning newspaper is______by school-age children.A. deliveredB. postedC. conductedD. discharged【谜底】A. deliver vt. 投递,送交;揭晓(演讲);(为……)接生。post vt. 投寄,邮寄。conduct vt. 处置惩罚,治理;指挥,引导;传导,传(热、电等)。

discharge vt. 放出,排挤;释放,允许脱离。delivery [diˈlivəri] n. 递送,交付,临盆,交货,引渡,发送,传输;[律]产业等的正式移交demonstrate [ˈdemənstreit] vt. 示范,证明,论证vi. 示威democracy [diˈmɔkrəsi] n. 民主(制);民主国家democratic [deməˈkrætik] a. 民主的;有民主作风(精神)的,民主党的demolish [diˈmɔliʃ] vt. ①拆毁,破坏②批驳,推翻demonstrate [ˈdemənstreit] v. ①证明;演示;示威游行②演出;夸……的用途The school board listened quietly as John read the demands that his followers demonstrate for.当约翰读着同伙们的要求时,校董事会悄悄地听着。【长难例句2】This alone demonstrates that the television business is not an easy world to survive in, a fact underlined by statistics that show that out of eighty European television networks, no less than 50% took a loss in 1989.仅这一点就讲明在电视行业里生存不那么容易,这个事实通过统计数字也是一目了然;在80家欧洲电视网中1989年泛起亏损的不下于50%。

【试题精练】The car salesman took the customer for a drive in the new model in order to______its improved features.A. exhibitB. revealC. demonstrateD. indicate【谜底】C. demonstrate vt. 演出(技术),做给……看;说明,论证;显示,流露(如The teacher demonstrated the experiment to the class. Please demonstrate how the machine works. How can you demonstrate that the world is round?)。exhibit vt. 陈列,展览(即把物品摆出让人看);显示(某种特性)。reveal vt. 展现,显示;揭破,泄露。

indicate vt. 标示,表现;讲明。demonstration [ˌdemənˈstreiʃ(ə)n] n. ①展示denial [diˈnaiəl] n. 否认denounce [diˈnauns] vt. ①指责②告密denote [diˈnəut] vt. ①意思是②表现,是……的标志denounce [diˈnaus] vt. ①指责②告密dense [dens] a. ①密的,麋集的;浓密的②愚钝的;愚蠢的It was difficult to see through the ______fog.A. denseB. crowdedC. compressedD. condensed【谜底】A. dense a. 浓密的;麋集的;浓密的。crowded a. 拥挤的。

compressed a. 压紧的,压缩的。condensed a. 压缩的,缩短的;凝聚的。

density [ˈdensiti] n. ①浓密②浓度,密度dental [ˈdent(ə)l] a. 牙齿的,牙科的dentist [ˈdentist] n. 牙科医生He denied his country.他背弃了自己的国家。Some teenagers harbor a generalized resentment against society, which______them the rights and privileges of adults, although physically they are mature.A. deprivesB. restrictsC. rejectsD. denies【谜底】D. deny (sb sth) vt. 拒绝给予;拒绝(某人的要求)。deprive (sb of sth) vt. 剥夺,使丧失。restrict vt. 限制,约束(restrict sth; restrict the discussion to domestic affairs)。

reject vt. 拒绝,驳回;拒纳,退回(reject sb/sth,后面不跟双宾语)。depart [diˈpɑːt] vi. ①脱离,出发②(常与from连用)背离,违反③死亡;逝世;辞世(=depart this life)【习习用语】depart from脱离;从……出发;违反;背离department [diˈpɑːtmənt] n. ①部,部门;(大学等的)系②(某些国家的)县③职责;专长Advertising is my department.我卖力做广告。【试题精练】A large shop is divided into______.A. divisionsB. sectionsC. departmentsD. categories【谜底】C. department n. (大商店里专销某种商品的)谋划部;(行政)部门,司,局,厅;(大学)系。division n. 离开;部门。

section n. 部门;部门,科;章节;截面,剖面。category n. 类,种类,种别。departure [diˈpɑːtʃə(r)] n. 启程,出发,脱离depend [diˈpend] vi. 依靠,依赖;依……而定①That depends. [It all depends.][口]要看情况而定。

②You may depend upon it.[口]肯定无疑;放心好了。③depend on [upon] 依靠;由……而定,取决于;附属于;依赖其维持【派】dependable, dependability, dependence, independentdepict [diˈpikt] v. 形貌,形貌deploy [diˈplɔi] v. 部署,调动deposit [diˈpɔzit] n. 聚集物,沉淀物,存款,押金,保证金,存放物vt. 存放,聚集vi. 沉淀depress [diˈpres] vt. 使沮丧,使消沉,压下,压低,使不生动,使萧条deprive [diˈpraiv] vi. 剥夺,使丧失;免去deputy [ˈdepjuti] n. ①署理人,代表②副手When the headmaster is away the ______headmaster looks after the school for him.A. juniorB. deputyC. authoritativeD. dignified【谜底】B. deputy n./a. 副职,副手(a deputy director;the deputy head of the department;the Deputy Assistant Secretary[美]助理国务卿帮办)。junior a. 级别较低的,资历较浅的;较年轻的。

authoritative a. 权威性的,可信的。dignified a. 有尊严的。derive [diˈraiv] v. 从……获得;源自;导出From this material we can derive hundreds of what you may call direct products.从这种质料中我们可以获取数百种你称之为“直接产物”的工具。

【试题精练】I seem to have reached a rather gloomy conclusion, but I think that something cheerful may still be______from it.A. derivedB. extractedC. abstractedD. adapted【谜底】A. derive (from) vt. 取得,获得;起源,衍生;追溯……的起源(如He derives much pleasure from his books. Many English words derive/are derived from French.)。extract vt. 提取,提炼;设法获得(情报);抽出,拔出。abstract vt. 提炼出,抽象出,写出提纲。

adapt vt. 使适应,使适合;改编,改写。derivative [diˈrivətiv] n. 派生物,衍生物 a. 非独创性的,模拟他人的descend [diˈsend] vi. 下来,下降On turning round the corner we saw the road______steeply.A. fallingB. decreasingC. descendingD. lowering【谜底】C. descend vi. 下降,下来;往下走;降生。fall vi. 落下;下降;削弱。

decrease v. 减小,淘汰。lower vt. 放下,降下,放低。descendant [diˈsend(ə)nt] n. 子孙,子女(child, offspring)descent [diˈsent] n. ①下降,下倾②斜坡,坡道③血统,世系describe [diˈskraib] vt. 描绘,叙述;把……说成Much of the language used to describe monetary policy, such as "steering the economy to a soft landing" or "a touch on the brakes", makes it sound like a precise science. Nothing could be further from the truth. 有许多用于形貌钱币政策的词汇,例如“轻踩刹车”或“利用经济软着陆”,使钱币政策听起来像是一门准确的科学。

而事实远非好此。【试题精练】 His employer______him as lacking in initiative and drive.A. accountedB. ascribedC. commentedD. described【谜底】D. describe (as) vt. 形容,形貌(如I can't describe to you what I felt at that moment. I should describe the attempt as a failure/as unsuccessful.)。

account for 说明,解释(原因)(不能说account sb as)。ascribe (to) vt. 把……归因于;把……归属于(不能说ascribe…as)。comment (on) vi. 评论。

description [diˈskripʃ(ə)n] n. 形貌,记述,形容,种类,形貌deserve [diˈzəːv] vt. 值得;应受①deserve ill [well, better] of 有罪[功]于②rightly deserve 完全应得(处罚)【长难例句】There are, of course, exceptions. Small minded officials, rude waiters, and ill mannered taxi drivers are hardly unknown in the US. Yet it is an observation made so frequently that it deserves comment. 固然,破例是存在的。在美国,心胸狭窄的官员,卤莽的侍者,和没有礼貌的出租车司机也并不少见。然而人们经常得出这样的视察意见,这使得它值得被讨论一下。【试题精练】I have devoted four weekends to writing papers and now I feel I______a rest.A. deserveB. preferC. entitleD. receive【谜底】A. deserve vt. 应获得,应受到(如He deserved this glory/the praise/punishment.)。

prefer vt. 更喜欢,宁愿。entitle(sb to sth/to+词原形)vt. 给……以权利(或资格)。receive vt. 收到,获得。

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This machine is of bad design. 这部机械设计很差。They have designs on your money. 他们对你的钱有企图。designate [ˈdeziɡneit] v. ①指明,标明,指出②指派,指定desirable [diˈzaiərəb(ə)l] a. ①称心如意的;可取的②引起愿望的;引起欲望的;引起占有欲的We're moving to a more______neighborhood.A. desirousB. desirableC. preferableD. respectful【谜底】B. desirable a. 值得憧憬的,值得拥有的;好的,不错的,可取的(如There are several desirable houses in this street. It is desirable for us to go there/that he should attend the conference.)(注意从句谓语用虚拟式)。

desirous a. 想要的,盼望的(desirous of/to+动词原形/that sb do)。preferable (to) a. 更可取的,更好的,更合意的。respectful (to) a. 敬重的,尊敬的。

desolate [ˈdesəleit] a. ①荒芜的,荒芜的②孤寂的,凄凉的【词义辨析】despair, desperation和hopelessnessdespair:指失去希望后感应的失望或绝望,暗含暮气沉沉的意思,不行数名词,但可用the despair of sb表现“令人没有希望的人或物”。desperation:指面临预料中的失败,以掉臂任何结果、不理智的方式作为最后抗争或努力的手段。hopelessness:指完全失去或放弃希望并不计划再作努力,宁愿忍受任何效果。【试题精练】Alone in London, without friends, work or money, Shelley fell into______.A. despairB. disappointmentC. dissatisfactionD. disgust【谜底】A. despair n. 绝望。

disappointment n. 失望。dissatisfaction n. 不满足。disgust n. 厌恶。

despatch/dispatch [diˈspætʃ] v./n. 派遣②孤注一掷的;拼死的③艰难的;危难的A______man will stop at nothing to get what he wants.A. distressedB. wretchedC. miserableD. desperate【谜底】D. desperate a. (人)绝望的;(局势)严重的,危急的;(由于绝望而)掉臂一切的,拼死的(如He was desperate after the failure of his plans. Desperate diseases must have desperate remedies. He had a desperate (强烈的) desire to justify himself. The prisoners became desperate in their attempts to escape.)。distressed a. (常作表语)痛苦的,难受的。wretched a. (常作定语)不幸的,可怜的;令人苦恼的,讨厌的。miserable a. 痛苦的,悲凉的,可怜的。

despise [diˈspaiz] vt. 藐视,藐视despite [diˈspait] prep. 不管,任凭【习习用语】①die of despite 怀愁而死,冤死②in sb's despite[古]掉臂某人劝告;只管某人做出努力③despite all that 只管如此(in)dessert [diˈzəːt] n. (作为正餐最后一道菜的)甜食,甜点心destination [ˌdestiˈneiʃ(ə)n] n. ①目的地,终点②目的,目的end, goal, objective, purpose, target, aim③注定④车站We travel from our starting point to our______.A. endB. conclusionC. destinationD. terminal【谜底】C. destination n. 目的地,终点;目的,目的(如My destination is Beijing. They reached their destination without mishap.)。end n. 目的,目的;末尾。conclusion n. 末端;结论,推论;缔结,议定。terminal n. (火车或汽车的)终点(站),末了;终端,接线端。

destiny [ˈdestini] n. ①运气②天数,天命destroy [diˈstrɔi] vt. 摧毁;消灭;破坏①destroy itself 自灭②destroy oneself 自杀destruction [diˈstrʌkʃ(ə)n] n. ①破坏,扑灭,消灭②引起扑灭的泉源;扑灭的原因Pride was her destruction. 自满是她致命的弱点。destructive [diˈstrʌktiv] a. 破坏(性)的,扑灭(性)的detach [diˈtætʃ] vt. 分散,拆开detain [diˈtein] v. ①拘留,扣押②阻止A policeman detects criminals. 警员侦察出罪犯。

Can you______an escape of gas in this corner of the room?A. senseB. detectC. discoverD. determine【谜底】B. detect vt. 察觉,发现(如Could you detect any odor in the room? I detected some anger in his voice. He detected a fault in my car.)。sense vt. 意识到,以为。discover vt. 发现;袒露,显示。

determine vt. 决议;查明,确定;刻意。detection [diˈtekʃ(ə)n] n. 觉察,觉察;侦察,探测detective [diˈtektiv] a. 侦察(用)的detector [diˈtektə(r)] n. 探测器deteriorate [diˈtiəriəreit] v. (使)恶化,松弛detrimental [ˌdetriˈmentl] a. 有害的,倒霉的devastate [ˈdevəstei] v. ①使荒芜,破坏②压倒deviate [ˈdiːvieit] v. ①(使)背离,(使)偏离②缠绕,蜿蜒a. 脱离通例的devil [ˈdev(ə)l] n. ①恶魔;家伙②精神旺盛的人;好冒险的人③用来增强语气What the devil happened? 究竟发生了什么事?【习习用语】①go to the devil 堕落;扑灭②Go to the devil! 马上滚开!见鬼去吧! ③the very devil 艰难;痛苦devise [diˈvaiz] vt. 设计,发现The boys are trying to______some scheme of earning money.A. makeB. developC. produceD. devise【谜底】D. devise vt. 想出,设计出,发现(to devise away of/a method of+动词ing形式/a plan for+动词ing形式/how to+动词原形)。make vt. 做,制造。

develop vt. 开发,研制。produce vt. 生产,制造;出示。

dew [djuː] n. 露珠。


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